The 3R is a rule to take care of the environment, specifically to reduce the human impact on the environment through a more efficient use of our resources. Following the rule of three R’s decreases the amount of virgin natural resources that we use to manufacture new products and also reduces the amount of waste or garbage we generate. In short, 3R rule helps you throw less junk, save money and be a more responsible consumer. And best of all is that it is very easy to follow, since it only has three steps i.e. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
Origin and History of 3R
Since 1950s, many companies are implementing sales strategies that seek to convince the public that they need a lot of things, that they have to buy new things every time and that it does not matter if the product they buy lasts a long time. Think of it this way, how many new things do you buy each month, and how many did your grandparents buy at your age? Most likely your grandparents bought much less. This phenomenon is due to several factors and is known as the transition from consumption to consumerism.
Now visualize the entire population of the world, we are talking about more than seven billion people living on Earth today, and imagine that all those people are buying and throwing things exactly at the same pace as the people around you. The manufacture of so much merchandise, using the current methods, results in a very heavy load for the planet in all the aspects. Natural resources are depleted, the environment and our health suffers from the large amount of pollution produced in the manufacturing process and the ecosystems are unbalanced. Finally humans face the consequences like climate change and global warming. The three R’s are as follows;
1 – Reduce
Reducing is the most important ‘R’ since it has direct and wide effect in reducing environmental damage and it has 2 parts which hare as follows;
Buying less decrease usage of energy, water and the raw material such as wood, metal, minerals, etc. and the chemicals utilized in the production decreases the emissions produced in the transport of products and it diminishes the pollution produced by its disposal and disintegration as well.
Using less resources i.e. water, energy, gas, etc. can be obtained with more resourceful lights as well as machines, well-maintained homes and worthy habits such as unplugging the electrical items when they are not in use, closing the shower water while soaping and sharing your car.
2 – Reuse
Reusing means the extension of life of every product from the time it is bought to when it is discarded. Most of the things can be reused, either by means of repair or reuse them for some other purpose. Reusing is also about buying used products, as this lengthens product’s life and at the same time implies a reduction in consumption of new products.
3 – Recycle
Recycling is common and least effective waste. It is about rescuing a material that is no longer useful and is turned into some new creation. An old box of cardboard can be crushed via industrial or home process to convert into to a new paper. The good thing about recycling is that you can now recycle almost all types of garbage. Today, we can also have e waste recycling.